Superfoods are trendy. Fruits and berries from foreign cultures are particularly often awarded the title of super, while regional foods also offer a real nutrient firework. We present a few selected trendy berries and fruits.
Part 2 Domestic or exotic: What do Superfoods offer?
- Written by VeVeRo
- Published in BlogHealthy
- Date: Monday, 21 October 2019 13:04
- Read: 360 times
Part I: Berries & fruits with inner values
Açai, Goji and Noni - their names alone promise exclusivity and health. Elderberry, blackcurrant and sea buckthorn have less exotic flair. VeVeRo explains why it can be worth taking a look at both exotic and local superfoods. We take a closer look at three local and three exotic superfruits and look at their valuable ingredients, origins and processing.
The Açai Berry
A dark purple berry with a large core conquers the kitchens of health-conscious eaters from Brazil. Its taste is acidic and bitter. In their homeland they are available fresh or as juice. Fruit pulp or freeze-dried berries are suitable for the long journey to Europe. Yoghurt, chocolate or mixed drinks with the tart fruit are also available on the market.The striking colour reveals the special ingredient: anthocyanin. The dye can have an antioxidant effect, protect the cells from damage and do the skin good. These are great properties that all foods with this colorant have. Also elderberries and black currants, which grow in Germany. In addition below more.
The acai berries also provide various vitamins and minerals, such as calcium. The fruits are regarded as slimming products, but this remains to be proven.
The black currant
Black currants have a similar striking colour as the acai berry. They also contain the pigment anthocyanin and provide even more of it than the exotic fruit.
In the black, red and white varieties, the black currants have the lead in almost all ingredients. They provide a particularly high amount of provitamin A, which plays an important role in vision but also influences the skin and mucous membranes. The combination of iron and plenty of vitamin C facilitates the absorption of the mineral substance necessary for oxygen transport in the blood. The local superfruit even contains phosphorus and calcium for teeth and bones.
In contrast to the widely travelled açai berry, black currants can score points with a short transport route and less impact on the environment
The small, black elderberries also grow in many places in Germany. They provide an interesting combination of nutrients and are considered a natural remedy with plenty of vitamin C, iron and essential oils.
Raw the berries are poisonous. Therefore they are processed to juice, jelly or syrup. Elderberries also contain more of the antioxidatively active pigment anthocyanin than acai berries.
The goji berry
The small, egg-shaped goji berry shines in another beautiful colour: a crisp red! The berry is native to Asia and grows mainly in China. The sweet-sour taste is mainly available as dried berries, also processed to juice, powder and capsules to buy.
Goji berries score well in many areas when it comes to ingredients: The vitamins A, C and E, but also proteins, fiber and minerals, iron, calcium and magnesium are contained. In addition antioxidants. So it is not surprising that the red fruits are considered to be all-rounders. They should be good for nerves, muscles, bones and blood, support digestion and memory and strengthen the immune system. Unfortunately, scientific evidence for these effects is still lacking. In addition, there are indications that unwanted interactions with anticoagulants occur. A little caution is therefore required!
The sea buckthorn berry
Let's back to Germany, because there are also super berries in bright colours here. It is a feast for the eyes: the orange fruits of the sea buckthorn shine through the characteristic bushes in the dunes of the Baltic Sea.
The small berries taste very sour and contain many vitamins, for example vitamin C and B12. The latter occurs very rarely in plants and is therefore particularly important in the vegan diet. The minerals iron, calcium, manganese and magnesium are considered wound healing and anti-inflammatory.
Sea buckthorn is processed into jelly, fruit spread, juice and tea. Also dried berries are available and taste pure or in muesli.
Another exotic trend fruit is noni, also called Indian mulberry. It grows on Hawaii, Madagascar and in Central America in cone-shaped associations about the size of an egg. In Germany they are mostly available as juice, which is drunk diluted, because the taste is quite strict. Also puree, powder and the dried leaves as tea are in the trade. In the EU, the products are regarded as novel food and have undergone strict testing before being approved. The recommended daily dosage is stated on the products.
Noni fruits provide essential amino acids, enzymes, serotonin, secondary plant compounds and the previously unknown substance xeronine. They are said to reduce cravings, alleviate pain and help with allergies, cancer and strokes. Unfortunately, however, there is no concrete evidence that noni is particularly effective compared to other fruit juices.
From anthocyanin to cell protection
The superfruits described as examples clearly show that there is no one food that can do everything. But both domestic and exotic fruits and berries provide exciting ingredients that can do us good. Whether as juice, puree or dried, the small, colourful power packs can supplement our diet and provide our body with important nutrients. Not everything has been researched yet. What is certain is that a varied and - in the truest sense of the word - colourful diet is important for health and well-being.
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